Why was this study done?

Multiple studies have shown that reducing weight has beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors. This study was designed to discover the effects of a diet and exercise routine on cardiovascular disease risk factors in moderately obese postmenopausal women.

What did the study find?

After 24 weeks of following a diet and exercise program, participants did lose weight, but cardiovascular risk factors (blood glucose, insulin, cholesterol) were unchanged.

Fox A, et al. Effects of Diet and Exercise on Weight Loss, Fat Distribution and Blood Lipid Changes in Moderately Obese Older Women. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1994. 26(5):S58.PDF Abstract: Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1994.