Why was this study done?

Athletes need optimal nutrition in order to perform at their best. This study analyzed the diets of current elite male and female Nordic skiers.

What did the study find?

The study found that this group of elite athletes were consuming enough calories, but not enough carbohydrates, and too much fat according to current nutritional understanding. Further, the study noted that female athletes were not consuming enough iron.

Nutrient Intake of Elite Male and Female Nordic Skiers
Ellsworth NM, Hewitt BF, Haskell WL. Phys Sportsmed, 1985. 13(2):78-92.
PDF Manuscript: Phys Sportsmed, 1985.