Native throughout the northern hemisphere, the dandelion plant (Taraxacum officinale) contains a number of triterpenes, sterols, carotenoids, and potassium. The root and leaves are dried, cut, and milled. An extract is then prepared that is concentrated, filtered, and spray-dried.
Dandelion has traditionally been used for loss of appetite, constipation, bloating, upper abdominal pain (dyspepsia), and infections as well as treating problems in the liver, kidney and spleen.1-3 Dandelion may contain antimicrobial properties that can inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria.4 It has been suggested that dandelion may contain anti-inflammatory properties.1
Some individuals may be allergic to dandelion.1
Rodriguez-Fragoso L, Reyes-Esparza J, Burchiel SW, Herrera-Ruiz D, Torres E. Risks and benefits of commonly used herbal medicines in Mexico. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2008 Feb 15;227(1):125-35. Epub 2007 Oct 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 18037151
Dandelion, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. NIH. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/706.html Accessed in July 2015.
Dandelion, MedlinePlus. NIH. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/dandelion Accessed in July 2015.
Kenny O, Brunton NP, Walsh D, Hewage CM, McLoughlin P, Smyth TJ. Characterisation of antimicrobial extracts from dandelion root (Taraxacum officinale) using LC-SPE-NMR. Phytother Res. 2015 Apr;29(4):526-32. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5276. Epub 2015 Jan 21. PubMed PMID: 25644491.